Kidney Stone

What is Kidney Stones?

Kidney stones are a major problem nowadays that arises when the kidney fails to filter out certain waste. 1 out of every 10 people is suffering from kidney stones. Half of them end up with kidney failure if left untreated. Recurrence is very high with each passing year.

The function of the kidney is to get rid of waste products and maintain electrolyte levels in the body; Kidneys also help control blood pressure. Sometimes, certain wastes like salts, and minerals that cannot be filtered sticks to the inner lining of the kidneys. These wastes that are not filtered accumulate and form hard deposits like a stone. These stones can range from the size of a sugar crystal to a much larger size than it which can cause a blockage.

Diagnosis

The diagnosis of stones in the body is carried out after observing the pattern of symptoms a person is experiencing. The doctor may prescribe certain tests like:

Blood test: Blood tests help reveal the concentration of calcium, uric acid or oxalate ions present in the blood

Urine test: If a person is experiencing any stones passing in the urine, then that can be assessed with the help of a 24-hour urine test.

Imaging: Imaging tests like ultrasound, a non-invasive test, and intravenous urography, computerized tomography (CT), X-rays can help diagnose kidney stones in your urinary

Procedure

After the kidney stones are being diagnosed, your doctor can offer you kidney stones treatment that can either include:

  • Conservative/non- surgical methods
  • Surgical procedure
Kidney Stone image

Prevention

  • Consume at least 2-3 liters of water every day.
  • Avoid eating foods that are rich in oxalate, and uric acid.
  • Choose to eat low salt diet and avoid taking antibiotic that can cause stones
  • Diet should include celery, fruits, Kidney beans, pomegranates